The stator consists of a cylindrical frame and a stator core. The stator core is located in the frame and an armature coil is wound around the stator core. The end of the coil is connected with a lead wire and current is provide from the lead wire. The rotor consists of a shaft and a permanent magnet and the permanent magnet is attached to the outside of the shaft. In a synchronous type Leadshine servo motor, the magnet is attached to a rotor and an armature coil is wound around the stator unlike the DC servo motor. Therefore, the supply of current is possible from the outside without a stator and a synchronous type AC servo motor is called a “brushless servo motor” because of this structural characteristic. Because this structure makes it possible to cool down a stator core directly from the outside, it is possible to resist an increase in temeprature. Also, because a synchronous type AC servo motor does not have the limitation of maximum velocity due to recification spark, a good characteristic of torque in the high-speed range can be obtained. In additon, because this type of motor has no brush, it can be operated for a long time without maintenace.
Like a DC servo motor, this type of AC servo motor uses an optical encoder or a resolver as a detector of rotation velocity. Also, a ferrite magnet or a rate earth magnet is used for the magnet which is built into the rotor and plays the role of a field system.
In this type of AC servo motor drive, because an armature contribution is linearly proportional to torque. Stop is easy and dynamic brake wordks during emergency stop. However, because a permanent magnet is use, the structure is very complex and the detection of position of the rotor is needed. The current from the armature includes high frequency current and the high frequecy current is the source of toruqe ripple and vibration.